Maslennikovo, Russia Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman in space, orbiting the earth forty-eight times in Vostok VI in
Her parents had migrated from Belarus. Tereshkova went to school in at the age 8; however, she left school in at 16 and continued her education by correspondence courses.
It was her expertise in skydiving that led to her selection as a cosmonaut. On 16 FebruaryValentina Tereshkova was selected to join the female cosmonaut corps. Out of more than applicants, five were selected: After her mission, she was asked how the Soviet Union should thank her for her service to the country.
Tereshkova asked that the government search for, and publish, the location where her father was killed in action. This was done, and a monument now stands at the site in Lemetti—now on the Russian side of the border.
Tereshkova has since visited Finland several times. Training included weightless flights, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, rocket theory, spacecraft engineering, parachute jumps and pilot training in MiGUTI jet fighters. The group spent several months in intensive training, concluding with examinations in Novemberafter which four remaining candidates were commissioned Junior Lieutenants in the Soviet Air Force.
Tereshkova, Solovyova and Ponomaryova were the leading candidates, and a joint mission profile was developed that would see two women launched into space, on solo Vostok flights on consecutive days in March or April However, this flight plan was altered in March Vostok 5 would now carry a male cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky flying the joint mission with a woman aboard Vostok 6 in June After watching the successful launch of Vostok 5 on 14 June, Tereshkova began final preparations for her own flight.
She was 26 at the time. On the morning of 16 JuneTereshkova and her backup Solovyova were both dressed in spacesuits and taken to the launch pad by bus.
Following the tradition set by Gagarin, Tereshkova also urinated on the bus tire, becoming the first woman to do so . After completing her communication and life support checks, she was sealed inside the Vostok.
After a two-hour countdown, Vostok 6 launched faultlessly, and Tereshkova became the first woman in space.
Yuri GagarinPavel PopovichValentina Tereshkova, and Nikita Khrushchev at the Lenin Mausoleumduring a celebration honoring the Soviet cosmonauts, Although Tereshkova experienced nausea and physical discomfort for much of the flight,  she orbited the earth 48 times and spent almost three days in space.
With a single flight, she logged more flight time than the combined times of all American astronauts who had flown before that date. Even though there were plans for further flights by women, it took 19 years until the second woman, Svetlana Savitskayaflew into space.
None of the other four in Tereshkova's early group flew, and, in Octoberthe pioneering female cosmonaut group was dissolved.
In she earned a doctorate in engineering. Soviet political career[ edit ] Due to her prominence, Tereshkova was chosen for several political positions: Inshe was retired from the Russian Air Force and the cosmonaut corps by presidential order. Beyond her recognized political offices within the Soviet Union, Tereshkova also became a well-known representative of the Soviet Union abroad.
She also led the Soviet delegation to the World Conference on Women in Copenhagen and played a critical role in shaping the socialist women's global agenda for peace. In she received an honorary doctorate from the University of Edinburgh.
Tereshkova crater on the far side of the Moon was named after her.The first woman in space: Valentina Tereshkova by Jonathan O'Callaghan, 23 April The first woman and civilian in space was a pioneer for Soviet space exploration.
Women in Space: The First Woman in Space – Valentina Tereshkova Posted on February 17, by astrochix This article is the first in a series of articles in which I will profile every woman astronaut, cosmonaut and taikonaut who has been into space.
The First Woman in Space On June 16, , the Russian woman Valentina Tereshkova made history as the first woman to enter space.
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The Space Race - In the aftermath of the second Great War, Europe stood in destitution. Towns, cities, roads, homes, all were devastated in the conflict leaving most of the once great and powerful European powers unable to retain their previous power.
Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman to go into space. In , she spent almost three days in space and orbited Earth 48 times in her space capsule, Vostok 6.
That was her only trip into space.