Marx's metaphorical use of the term "character masks" refers back to carnival masks and the masks used in classical Greek theatre. At issue is the social form in which a practice is acted out. A sophisticated academic language for talking about the sociology of roles did not exist in the midth century.
In the perspective of the history of art,  artistic works have existed for almost as long as humankind: However, there are many other colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its etymology.
Artistic works may serve practical functions, in addition to their decorative value.
Over time, philosophers like PlatoAristotleSocrates and Kantamong others, questioned the meaning of art. Socrates says that poetry is inspired by the musesand is not rational. He speaks approvingly of this, and other forms of divine madness drunkenness, eroticism, and dreaming in the Phaedrus a—cand yet in the Republic wants to outlaw Homer's great poetic art, and laughter as well.
In IonSocrates gives no hint of the disapproval of Homer that he expresses in the Republic. The dialogue Ion suggests that Homer 's Iliad functioned in the ancient Greek world as the Bible does today in the modern Christian world: The forms also differ in their object of imitation.
Comedy, for instance, is a dramatic imitation of men worse than average; whereas tragedy imitates men slightly better than average.
Lastly, the forms differ in their manner of imitation—through narrative or character, through change or no change, and through drama or no drama. Within this latter sense, the word art may refer to several things: The creative arts art as discipline are a collection of disciplines which produce artworks art as objects that are compelled by a personal drive art as activity and convey a message, mood, or symbolism for the perceiver to interpret art as experience.
Art is something that stimulates an individual's thoughts, emotions, beliefs, or ideas through the senses. Works of art can be explicitly made for this purpose or interpreted on the basis of images or objects.
For some scholars, such as Kantthe sciences and the arts could be distinguished by taking science as representing the domain of knowledge and the arts as representing the domain of the freedom of artistic expression. Likewise, if the skill is being used in a commercial or industrial way, it may be considered commercial art instead of fine art.
On the other hand, crafts and design are sometimes considered applied art. Some art followers have argued that the difference between fine art and applied art has more to do with value judgments made about the art than any clear definitional difference.
The purpose of works of art may be to communicate ideas, such as in politically, spiritually, or philosophically motivated art; to create a sense of beauty see aesthetics ; to explore the nature of perception; for pleasure; or to generate strong emotions.
The purpose may also be seemingly nonexistent. The nature of art has been described by philosopher Richard Wollheim as "one of the most elusive of the traditional problems of human culture". Art as mimesis has deep roots in the philosophy of Aristotle.
Collingwood advanced the idealist view that art expresses emotions, and that the work of art therefore essentially exists in the mind of the creator. More recently, thinkers influenced by Martin Heidegger have interpreted art as the means by which a community develops for itself a medium for self-expression and interpretation.
Art as we have generally understood it is a European invention barely two hundred years old. During the Romantic periodart came to be seen as "a special faculty of the human mind to be classified with religion and science".
Sculptures, cave paintingsrock paintings and petroglyphs from the Upper Paleolithic dating to roughly 40, years ago have been found,  but the precise meaning of such art is often disputed because so little is known about the cultures that produced them.
The oldest art objects in the world—a series of tiny, drilled snail shells about 75, years old—were discovered in a South African cave. Each of these centers of early civilization developed a unique and characteristic style in its art.
Because of the size and duration of these civilizations, more of their art works have survived and more of their influence has been transmitted to other cultures and later times.
Some also have provided the first records of how artists worked. For example, this period of Greek art saw a veneration of the human physical form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature, poise, beauty, and anatomically correct proportions.
Nevertheless, a classical realist tradition persisted in small Byzantine works, and realism steadily grew in the art of Catholic Europe. It reads "Mahmud Khan son of Abdulhamid is forever victorious". The Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia, also called the Mosque of Uqba, is one of the finest, most significant and best preserved artistic and architectural examples of early great mosques.
Dated in its present state from the 9th century, it is the ancestor and model of all the mosques in the western Islamic lands.The Hollywood Reporter is your source for breaking news about Hollywood and entertainment, including movies, TV, reviews and industry blogs.
In Podor in Senegal, the place where I grew up, everyone is an artist because art in Africa is not a commercial enterprise but is part of life itself. Why we made this change.
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Outline of Döblin's Berlin Alexanderplatz.
Page references are to Eugene Jolas's circa English translation of the novel, initially published as Alexanderplatz, Berlin; the edition used here is from Frederick Ungar Publishing Co.,New York (sixth printing, ). The Spanish Inquisition - The Spanish Inquisition was the longest and most ruthless inquiry of faith of all time.
Jews, Muslims, Hindus, Christians, and all non-Catholic religions were besieged by persecution from the Spanish government. Wallace Shawn is an Obie Award–winning playwright and a noted stage and screen actor. His plays The Designated Mourner and The Fever have recently been produced as films, and his translation of Threepenny Opera was recently performed on Broadway.
Yesterday I wrote about the trailer for JK Rowling’s new multi-part background pieces on Pottermore, entitled “Magic in North America.” You should read the post here if you need timberdesignmag.com before that, back in June, I wrote about my concerns with the bringing of the “magic universe” to the States. The thunder-and-lightning example seems like a bad comparison for this kind of situation, in that the false claim is (1) easily observable to be untrue, and (2) utterly useless to the society that propagates it. Table of contents PART 1 2 IMPORTANCE OF THE ARTS IN THE CURRICULUM 2 Part 2 5 Activity 1: Fabric Collage 5 Activity 2 - Print Making 7 Report 9 Planning & implementation 9 Assessment & Evaluation 9 Conclusion 11 Appendix (Quotes on importance of Arts) 12 Pupils’ Work 13 PART 1 IMPORTANCE OF THE ARTS IN THE .